SKIN CARE (PART ONE): SUNSCREENS

Good skin care is important for prevention of premature aging. Protection from the ultraviolet radiation of the sun is fundamental to maintaining healthy appearing skin. In addition to causing skin cancer, cummulative ultraviolet radiation contributes to the appearance of aged skin, wrinkles, and uneven pigmentation.

UV radiation is made up of 96.5% UVA radiation and 3.5% UVB on an average summer day. UVA is believed to be a cause of melanoma cancer and can penetrate deep within the skin to cause wrinkles. UVB is linked to squamous cell carcinoma. Most sunscreens protect against UVB but you should check to see if they also protect against UVA. Suncreens are rated according to SPF (sun protection factor) for UVB radiation only. This is a multiple of the amount of sun exposure time one can experience to recieve the same degree of UVB absorption without sunscreen. For example, someone wearing SPF 30 can be in the sun 30 times longer to receive the same UVB absorption without the sunscreen.

Sunscreens come in two types: physical blockers and chemical blockers. Physical blockers known as barrier sunscreens, are not absorbed by the skin and reflect the UV radiation. Titanium dioxide, zinc oxide and magnesium oxide are some common ones. They rarely cause allergic reactions. Chemical blockers are absorbed and therefore have a risk of allergic reaction. They are usually combined with barrier suncreens for periods of increased sun exposure. Helioplex which is a stable form of avobenzone, or Mexoryl are currently considered among the the best.

An SPF of 30 or higher is recommended and should be reapplied every couple hours or as needed based on activity. Avoiding direct sun during the peak hours of 10am -2pm is also advised.

SKIN CARE (PART TWO): MOISTURIZERS

Skin types are now classified according to 1. dry or oily, 2.sensitive or resistant, 3.pigmented or non-pigmented and 4. wrinkled or tight. This allows skin care formulations to be customized for optimal results with each skin type.

Dry skin can be caused by lack of sebum which is a natural moisturizer produced in the skin. Another cause is an impaired ability to retain moisture. Hot and dry climates further exacerbate the problem. With dry skin types, harsh soaps for cleansing should be avoided instead using cleansing milk, oils or cream. The best moisturizers improve skin hydration by combining occlusive barriers like petrolatum and mineral oils with other moisture attracting substances.

Humectants are water absorbing substances like glycerin, urea and alpha hydroxy acids, that help to cause mild swelling in the skin. This makes the skin look smoother and less wrinkled. Other common humectants include lanolin, parrafin, beeswax, soybean oil, grapeseed oil and other natural oils.

Emollients can also be used to smooth appearance by filling in spaces between dry peeling skin cells. Common emollients may also have occlusive and humectant properties. Some natural emollients include oatmeal, shea butter, vitamin C and E, coffeeberry, green tea, CoQ10, niacinamide, soy and copper triplex.

The ideal occlusives also have anti-oxidant properties. These include oils of safflower, sunflower, olive, peanut, walnut and grapeseed. It is important to note that occlusive moisturizers are only effective while on the skin, so they must be reapplied regularly.

AGING AND THE EVOLUTION OF FACIAL AESTHETIC SURGERY

Naturally, the skin shows the most obvious changes of aging because that is what we see. With advancing age, the skin becomes thinner, discolored, wrinkled and redundant. This is accelerated by ultraviolet damage from the sun and other factors that affect circulation. Health conditions like collagen vascular diseases or hormone imbalances, poor nutrition and the use of nicotine are other key factors. So there is much more going on below the surface. Of course you already knew that beauty is really more than just skin deep!

Just a century ago, a face lift was a simple removal of excess skin. Techniques to tighten the loose muscle and connective tissue layers were added in the mid 1970s. Liposuction techniques to reduce undesirable accumulations of fat were developed in France in the 1980s and eventually incorporated into face and neck procedures. More refined sculpting became possible to achieve smoother contours. Then a wide variety of more extensive lifting techniques were pioneered to achieve stronger lifting and greater tightening of the tissues. In many cases, these proved to be effective in achieving this goal, but with greater risks of complications and unnatural results.

Why did the results become unnatural when the lift became stronger? The advancement of new X-ray imaging techniques like 3 dimensional CT scans and MRIs, demonstrate that the skin and the connective tissues are not the only structures to change with age. Facial skeletal defining points and fat compartments are also diminishing with age, affecting the 3 dimensional contours of the face. Techniques to restore volume with fat transfer and injectable fillers have since been developed along with facial implants. Simultaneously, lasers to resurface the skin and other treatments that stimulate collagen growth have been evaluated and refined. The goal is to find techniques that are safe and effective, and to shorten recovery times. These facial rejuvenation modalities in the proper combination and balance can enhance and in some cases produce a synergistic effect on reversing the visible signs of aging. Individual procedures when taken to extremes, result in long recovery times, risks of permanent complications and unnatural results. Components of aging should be addressed independently, though procedures can be performed simultaneously to effect the desired improvement. When appropriate procedures are performed with experience, the result is an improved and natural appearance.

REFRESH YOUR LOOK WITH A NEWPORT FACES FACELIFT

First impressions are important, and while what we say and do are important aspects of them, how we look and feel about ourselves carry an equal amount of weight. A youthful appearance, along with confidence and happiness, can make a big difference when meeting someone new.
Whether you’re interviewing for a job, hosting a dinner, or even going out on a date, they’re essential factors in how you’re viewed.

If your skin looks weathered and wrinkled, you’ll look older and more tired. As a result, you’ll appear to be less happy and ambitious, hindering how others perceive you. With a Newport Faces Facelift in Newport Beach, you can rejuvenate your face to enhance your look for a younger and healthier appearance.

Contact our plastic surgery office to learn more about our Newport Faces Facelift. We will help you obtain a fresh appearance by making you look younger and more vibrant. Skilled board-certified facial plastic surgeon Dr. Stephen Fink is available for a consultation and will be happy to answer your questions.

CHEMICAL PEELS 101

If you’re unfamiliar with chemical peel treatments, it’s very helpful to learn some basic information about them before coming in for your peel.

A chemical peel can improve the look of skin on your face, hands, and neck. During the procedure, a solution is applied to the skin that will cause the superficial layers of skin to eventually peel off. The new skin that forms is smoother and less wrinkled than the skin that was removed.

There are three types of chemical peels that a surgeon will recommend based on your needs. There is a superficial peel, a medium peel, and a deep peel. People utilize chemical peels to address a variety of different skin issues, including:

• Wrinkles
• Scars
• Aging skin
• Sun-damaged skin

Contact us to learn more about chemical peels. Experienced facial plastic surgeon Dr. Stephen Fink will create a customized solution to reveal your radiant skin.